Bst polymerase for isothermal DNA amplification
For in vitro use only!
Shipping: shipped on gel packs
Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
avoid freeze/thaw cycles
Shelf Life: 12 months
Concentration: 8 units/μl
Saphir Bst Turbo Polymerase is a genetically enhanced Bst polymerase of the next generation. The polymerase is the ideal choice for ultra-fast and robust amplification of DNA at constant temperature (60 to 65 °C). The enzyme shows high strand displacement activity and generates an amplification factor of up to 109 which is comparable to approx. 30 cycles in a PCR assay. The polymerase is 2-3 x faster compared to Saphir Bst Polymerase (#PCR-389) and allows detection of a target gene within 5-10 minutes.
Saphir Bst Turbo Polymerase
8 units/μl Bst DNA Polymerase in 10 mM Tris-HCl, 100 mM KCl, 0.1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, 0.1 % Triton X-100, 50 % (v/v) Glycerol, pH 7.5 (25 °C)
Saphir Bst Turbo Buffer
10 x conc. complete reaction buffer containing 200 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.8, 1 M KCl, 100 mM (NH4)2SO4, 60 mM MgSO4, stabilizers and detergents
MgSO4 Stock Solution
25 mM MgSO4
Although some methods have been developed to visualize DNA amplification by basic equipment or even the naked eye (increase of turbidity, color change of added dyes, hybridization to gold-bound ss-DNA) in general real-time detection of the DNA amplification by a fluorescent DNA-intercalator dye is recommended. Addition of a Fluorescent DNA Stain to the assay allows a sensitive measurement of the increasing amount of DNA without influence on the reaction.
Isothermal amplification is an extremely sensitive detection method and care should be taken to avoid contamination of set-up areas and equipment with DNA of previous reactions. A common problem is amplification in no-template controls due to
1. carry-over contamination or
2. amplification of unspecifically annealed primers or primer dimer formations.
As sensitivity and non-template amplification of in-silico designed primers may vary, the evaluation of 2-4 real primer sets before choosing a final set is recommended.
Depending on the detection method and machine a reaction volume of 20-50 μl is recommended for most applications. Pipet with sterile filter tips and perform the set-up in an area separate from DNA preparation or analysis. No-template controls should be included in all amplifications.
First, prepare a 10x conc. primer pre-mix. Second, set-up the isothermal amplification assay:
|component||stock conc.||final conc.||20 μl||50 μl|
|Saphir Bst Turbo Buffer||10x||1x||2 μl||5 μl|
|MgSO4 Stock Solution||25 mM||0-2 mM||0-1.6 μl||0-4 μl|
|dNTP Mix||10 mM||1.4 μM||2.8 μl||7 μl|
|Primer Mix||10x||1x||2 μl||5 μl|
|Saphir Bst Turbo Polymerase||8 units/μl||0.32 units/μl||0.8 μl||2 μl|
|EvaGreen DNA Stain||100 μM||1.3 mM||0.26 μl||0.65 μl|
|Template DNA||<500 ng/assay||x μl||x μl|
|PCR-grade Water||fill up to 20 μl||fill up to 50 μl|
Optimization of MgSO4 concentration:
A final Mg2+ concentration of 6.0 mM (as contained in the reaction buffer) is optimal for most primer-template combinations. However, if an individual Mg2+ optimization is essential add 25 mM MgSO4 stock solution (#PCR-266) as shown in the table below.
|final MgSO4 conc.||20 μl final assay volume||50 μl final assay volume|
|7 mM||0.8 μl||2.0 μl|
|8 mM||1.6 μl||4.0 μl|
If amplification in no-template controls occurs the following points should be reviewed.
Cross contamination from environments
Carry-over contamination from previous reaction products
Non-template amplification from primers