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HighYield T7 AF488 RNA Labeling Kit

Preparation of randomly AF488-modified RNA probes by in vitro transcription with UTP-PEG5-AF488

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RNT-101-AF488 20 reactions x 20 μl 365,00 Add to Basket/Quote Add to Notepad
Excitation and Emission spectrum of AF488
Excitation and Emission spectrum of AF488

For in vitro use only!

Shipping: shipped on blue ice

Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
avoid freeze/thaw cycles

Shelf Life: 12 months

Spectroscopic Properties: λexc 494 nm, λem 515 nm, ε 73.0 L mmol-1 cm-1 (Tris-HCl pH 7.5)

Description:
HighYield T7 AF488 RNA Labeling Kit is designed to produce randomly AF488-modified RNA probes via in vitro transcription. Such probes are ideally suited for in situ hybridization and Northern Blot experiments. AF488 (also known as Alexa Fluor® 488) is a hydrophilic dye with increased photostability compared to Fluorescein.

UTP-PEG5-AF488 is efficiently incorporated into RNA as substitute for its natural counterpart UTP using an optimized reaction buffer and T7 RNA Labeling Polymerase Mix. 35 % UTP-PEG5-AF488 substitution typically results in an optimal balance between reaction and labeling efficiency. Individual optimization of UTP-PEG5-AF488/UTP ratio however, can easily be achieved with the single nucleotide format. The resulting AF488-modified RNA probe can subsequently be detected by fluorescence spectroscopy.

The kit contains sufficient reagents for 20 labeling reactions of 20 μl each (35 % UTP-PEG5-AF488 substitution, 2.5 mM ATP, GTP, CTP, 0.2 mM UTP, 0.1 mM UTP-PEG5-AF488).

A 20 μl reaction yields about 5-7 μg RNA after 30 min incubation (1 μg T7 control template, 1.4 kb RNA transcript). Yields may however vary depending on the template (promotor design, sequence length, secondary structure formation).

Content:
HighYield T7 RNA Labeling Polymerase Mix
2x 40 μl, incl. RNase inhibitor and 50 % glycerol (v/v)

HighYield T7 Reaction Buffer
1x 200 μl (10x), HEPES-based

ATP - Solution
1x 100 μl (100 mM)

GTP - Solution
1x 100 μl (100 mM)

CTP - Solution
1x 100 μl (100 mM)

UTP - Solution
1x 100 μl (100 mM)

UTP-PEG5-AF488
1x 10 μl (5 mM)

T7 G-initiating control template (1.4 kbp)
1x 10 μl (200 ng/μl), 1.4 kbp PCR fragment plus T7 class III phi6.5 promotor resulting in approx. 1400 nt RNA transcript

PCR-grade water
1x 1.2 ml

DTT
1x 100 μl (100 mM)

To be provided by user
T7 Promotor-containing DNA template
RNA purification tools
RNAse-free DNAse I (optional)

1. Important Notes (Read before starting)
1.1 Prevention of RNAse contamination
Although a potent RNase Inhibitor is included, creating a RNAse-free work environment and maintaining RNAse-free solutions is critical for performing successful in vitro transcription reactions. We therefore recommend

  • to perform all reactions in sterile, RNAse-free tubes using sterile pipette tips.
  • to wear gloves when handling samples containing RNA.
  • to keep all components tightly sealed both during storage and reaction procedure.

1.2 Template requirements

  • Template type: Linearized plasmid DNA or PCR products containing a double-stranded T7 class II phi2.5 or class III phi6.5 promotor region upstream of the target sequence. Transcription initiation from T7 class III promotor is generally more efficient than initiation from T7 class II promotor.
    Minimum T7 promotor sequences:

    T7 class III phi6.5 promotor
    5'-TAATACGACTCACTATAGNN...-3’
    Bold: First base incorporated into RNA, NN: ideally CG

    or

    T7 class II phi2.5 promotor
    5'-TAATACGACTCACTATTAGNN...-3'
    Bold: First base incorporated into RNA, NN: ideally CG

  • Template quality: DNA template quality directly influences yield and quality of transcription reaction. Linearized plasmid DNA needs to be fully digested and to be free of contaminating RNase, protein and salts. We recommend selecting restriction enzymes that generate blunt ends or 5'-overhangs and purification by phenol/chloroform extraction. A PCR mixture can be used directly however, better yields will usually be obtained with purified PCR products (e.g. via silica-membrane based purification columns).

2. Preparation of working solutions
2.1 Preparation of 10 mM ATP/CTP/GTP working solution

  • Thaw 100 mM ATP, 100 mM CTP and 100 mM GTP solutions on ice, voretex and spin-down briefly.
  • Prepare a 1:10 dilution with PCR-grade water to achieve a final concentration of 10 mM (e.g. 5 μl 100 mM ATP + 5 μl 100 mM CTP + 5 μl 100 mM GTP + 35 μl PCR-grade water).
  • 10 mM ATP/CTP/GTP working solution can be stored at -20°C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.

2.2 Preparation of 10 mM UTP working solution

  • Thaw 100 mM UTP solution on ice, voretex and spin-down briefly.
  • Prepare a 1:10 dilution with PCR-grade water to achieve a final concentration of 10 mM (e.g. 5 μl 100 mM UTP + 45 μl PCR-grade water).
  • 10 mM UTP working solution can be stored at -20 °C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.

3. In vitro Transcription protocol
The protocol is optimized for 0.5 μg - 1 μg DNA template.
An optimal balance between reaction and labeling efficiency is typically achieved with 35% UTP-PEG5-AF488 substitution following the standard protocol below however, individual optimization might improve results for individual applications (e.g. variation of UTP-PEG5-AF488/UTP ratio between 30 - 50 %).

  • Place HighYield T7 RNA Labeling Polymerase Mix on ice.
  • Thaw all remaining components at room temperature (RT), mix by voretexing and spin down briefly.
  • Assemble all components at RT to a nuclease-free microtube (sterile pipette tips) in the following order:
  • Mix PCR-grade water, HighYield T7 Reaction Buffer and DTT by voretexing and spin down briefly.
  • Add nucleotide solutions and template DNA, vortex and spin down briefly.
  • Add HighYield T7 RNA Labeling Polymerase Mix vortex and spin down briefly.
  • Incubate for 30 min at 37 °C in the dark (e.g. PCR cycler). Depending on the RNA probe individual optimization may increase product yield (2h – 4h at 37 °C).

ComponentVolumeFinal concenctration
PCR-grade waterX μl
HighYield T7 Reaction Buffer (10x)2 μl1x
100 mM DTT2 μl
10 mM ATP/CTP/ GTP working solution (s. 2.1)5 μl2.5 mM
10 mM UTP working solution (s. 2.2)0.4 μl0.2 mM
5 mM UTP-PEG5-AF4880.4 μl0.1 mM
Template DNAX μl 0.5 - 1 μg
HighYield T7 RNA Labeling Polymerase Mix2 μl
Total volume20 μl

Please note: Reagents for the following steps are not provided within this kit.

DNA template removal (optional)
Depending on the down-stream application, removal of template DNA might be required. We recommend a salt-resistant, high efficiency DNAase such as Turbo™DNAse (ThermoFisher). Follow the manufacturer instructions.

RNA purification
Purification of RNA is required for certain applications such as measurement of AF488-labelled RNA probe concentration. Spin column purification will remove proteins, salts and unincorporated nucleotides. Please follow the manufacturer instructions and ensure that the columns match with product size and possess a sufficient binding capacity (e.g. RNA Clean & Concentrator™ columns (Zymo Research) or Monarch® RNA Cleanup kit (NEB)). Other RNA purification methods such as LiCl precipitation may work but have not been tested.

Total RNA quantitation
RNA concentration can be determined by absorbance measurement at 260 nm (A260) according to the Law-of-Lambert-Beer (A260 = 1 correspond to 40 μg/ml ssRNA).

Incorporation rate of fluorophore
The efficiency of RNA labeling can be estimated by calculating the ratio of incorporated fluorophores to the number of bases (dye / base).
[Please note: Blanc correction with probe buffer solution is required.]

1. Measurement of the nucleic acid-dye conjugate absorbance:
Measure the absorbance of the labeled RNA fragment at 260 nm (A260) and at the excitation maximum (λexc)of dye (Adye).

2. Correction of A260 reading:
To obtain an accurate nucleic acid absorbance measurement, the contribution of the dye at 260 nm needs to be corrected. Use the following equation:

Abase = A260 - (Adye x CF260)
Correction Factor for AF488: CF260 = 0.3

3. Calculation of dye to base ratio by the law of Lambert-Beer (A = c x ε x d):

dye/base ratio = (Adye x εbase) / (Abase x εdye)

Extinction coefficients:
AF488: εdye = 73,000 cm-1 M-1
ssRNA: εbase = 12,030 cm-1 M-1 (average, 50% GC)

3. Calculation of the degree of labeling (DOL)
The degree of labeling (DOL) indicates the number of dyes per 100 bases.
DOL = 100 x dye/base ratio

Example: A dye/base ratio of 0.02 corresponds to a DOL of 2 that corresponds to 2 dyes per 100 bases.