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HighFidelity Biotin16 PCR Labeling Kit

Preparation of Biotin16-labeled DNA probes by PCR

Cat. No. Amount Price (EUR) Buy / Note
APP-101-BIO16 175 reactions x 20 μl 225,00 Add to Basket/Quote Add to Notepad
Structural formula of HighFidelity Biotin16 PCR Labeling Kit (Preparation of Biotin16-labeled DNA probes by PCR)
Structural formula of HighFidelity Biotin16 PCR Labeling Kit

For in vitro use only!

Shipping: shipped on blue ice

Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
avoid freeze/thaw cycles

Shelf Life: 12 months

Description:
HighFidelity Biotin16 PCR Labeling Kit is designed to produce randomly Biotin16-modified DNA probes by PCR. Such probes are ideally suited for in situ hybridization and Northern Blot experiments. PCR-based labeling is superior to random-primed labeling by Klenow fragment if template amounts are limited or amplification of a specific DNA fragments is required.

Biotin-16-dUTP is efficiently incorporated into DNA as substitute for its natural counterpart dTTP using an optimized reaction buffer and a High Fidelity Polymerase. 50 % Biotin-16-dUTP substitution typically results in an optimal balance between reaction and labeling efficiency. Individual optimization of Biotin-16-dUTP/dTTP ratio however, can easily be achieved with the single nucleotide format. The resulting Biotin16-modified DNA probe can subsequently be detected by HRP- or AP-modified Streptavidin.

The kit contains sufficient reagents for 175 labeling reactions of 20 μl each (50 % Biotin16-dUTP substitution, 100 μM dATP/dGTP/dCTP, 50 μM dTTP, 50 μM Biotin16-dUTP).

Content:
High Fidelity Polymerase
in storage buffer with 50% glycerol (v/v)
1x 200 μl (500 units, 2.5 units/μl)

High Fidelity Labeling Buffer
1x 500 μl (10x)

dATP - Solution
1x 20 μl (100 mM)

dGTP - Solution
1x 20 μl (100 mM)

dCTP - Solution
1x 20 μl (100 mM)

dTTP - Solution
1x 20 μl (100 mM)

Biotin-16-dUTP
1x 200 μl (1 mM)


Lambda DNA
1x 20 μl (100 ng/μl)

500 bp forward primer
1x 20 μl (10 μM)

500 bp reverse primer
1x 20 μl (10 μM)

PCR-grade water
1x 1.2 ml

To be provided by user
DNA template
Primer
DNA purification tools (optional)

1. Preparation of working solutions

1.1 Preparation of 1 mM dATP/dCTP/dGTP working solution

  • Thaw 100 mM dATP, 100 mM dCTP and 100 mM dGTP solutions on ice, voretex and spin-down briefly.
  • Prepare a 1:100 dilution with PCR-grade water to achieve a final concentration of 1 mM (e.g. 2 μl 100 mM dATP + 2 μl 100 mM dCTP + 2 μl 100 mM dGTP + 194 μl PCR-grade water).
  • 1 mM ATP/CTP/GTP working solution can be stored at -20°C. Prepare aliquots to avoid freeze/thaw cycles.

1.2 Preparation of 1 mM dTTP working solution

  • Thaw 100 mM dTTP solution on ice, voretex and spin-down briefly.
  • Prepare a 1:100 dilution with PCR-grade water to achieve a final concentration of 1 mM (e.g. 2 μl 100 mM dTTP + 198 μl PCR-grade water).
  • 1 mM dTTP working solution can be stored at -20 °C. Prepare aliquots to avoid freeze/thaw cycles.

3. Standard PCR Labeling protocol

The standard protocol is set-up for labeling of a 500 bp DNA fragment. An optimal balance between reaction and labeling efficiency is typically achieved with 50% Biotin-16-dUTP substitution following the standard protocol below however, individual optimization might improve results for individual applications.

  • Assemble the PCR on ice in the order stated below (DNAse-free reaction tube).
  • Voretex and spin-down briefly.

ComponentVolumeFinal concenctration
PCR-grade waterX μl
High Fidelity Buffer (10x)2 μl1x
1 mM dATP/dCTP/ dGTP working solution (s. 1.1)2 μl100 μM
1 mM dTTP working solution (s. 1.2)1 μl50 μM
1 mM Biotin-16-dUTP1 μl50 μM
forward primer
(10 μM)
X μl0.1 - 1 μM (e.g. 0.3 μM 500 bp forward primer)
reverse primer
(10 μM)
X μl0.1 - 1 μM (e.g. 0.3 μM 500 bp reverse primer)
template DNAX μl1 - 10 ng genomic DNA (e.g. 1 ng Lambda DNA)
High Fidelity Pol (2.5 units/μl)1 μl2.5 units
Total volume20 μl

Recommended cycling conditions

Cycle stepTemperatureTimeCycles
Initial
denaturation
95°C2 min1x
Denaturation
Annealing1)
Elongation2)
95°C
58°C
68°C
20 sec
30 sec
60 sec
30x
Final
Elongation
68°C2 min1x

1)The annealing temperature depends on the melting temperature of primers used.
2)The elongation time depends on the length of fragments to be amplified. A time of 2 min/kbp is recommended. Elongation at 72°C works as well.

For optimal amplification results and high incorporation rates an individual optimization of the recommended PCR assay and cycling conditions may be necessary for each new primer-template pair.


4. Probe purification:

Probe purification is not required for most hybridization experiments. If a downstream application requires purification (e.g. concentration determination by absorbance measurement) we recommend silica-membrane or gel filtration-based purification.