P1-(5'-Adenosyl) P4-(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphate, Triethylammonium salt
For research use only!
Shipping: shipped on gel packs
Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
Short term exposure (up to 1 week cumulative) to ambient temperature possible.
Shelf Life: 12 months after date of delivery
Molecular Formula: C20H28N10O20P4 (free acid)
Molecular Weight: 852.39 g/mol (free acid)
Exact Mass: 852.04 g/mol (free acid)
Purity: ≥ 95 % (HPLC)
Form: solution in water
Color: colorless to slightly yellow
Concentration: 10 mM - 11 mM
pH: 7.5 ±0.5
Spectroscopic Properties: λmax 259 nm, ε 27.0 L mmol-1 cm-1 (Tris-HCl pH 7.5)
Formation by T4 RNA ligase
Formation by Pfu DNA ligase
Acceptor substrate for T4 RNA ligase
 Sillero et al. (2006) Synthesis of bisphosphonate derivatives of ATP by T4 RNA ligase. FEBS Lett. 580 (24):5723.
 Günther et al. (2002) Thermostable Pyrococcus furiosus DNA ligase catalyzes the synthesis of (di)nucleoside polyphosphates. Extremophiles. 6 (1):45.
 Atencia et al. (2000) Several dinucleoside polyphosphates are acceptor substrates in the T4 RNA ligase catalyzed reaction. Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (6):1707.
Winward et al. (2010) Oxidation of the diphosphoinositol polyphosphate phosphohydrolase-like Nudix hydrolase Aps from Drosophila melanogaster induces thermolability--A possible regulatory switch? Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 42 (7):1174.
Safrany et al. (2007) Characterisation of a bis (5'-nucleosyl)-tetraphosphatase (asymmetrical) from Drosophila melanogaster. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 39 (5):943.
Leslie et al. (2002) Cloning and characterisation of hAps1 and hAps2, human diadenosine polyphosphate-metabolising Nudix hydrolases. BMC Biochemistry 3:20.
Ortiz et al. (1993) Specific synthesis of adenosine (5')tetraphospho (5')nucleoside and adenosine- (5')oligophospho (5')adenosine (n-greaterthan- 4) catalyzed by firefly luciverase. Eur. J. Biochem. 212 (1):263.
Palfi et al. (1991) Alterations in the accumulation of adenylylated nucleotides in heavy-metal-ion-stressed and heat-stressed Synechococcus sp strain pcc-6301, a cyanobacterium, in light and dark. Biochem. J. 276:487.
Brevet et al. (1991) Isolation and characterization of a dinucleoside triphosphatase from Saccharomyces-cerevisiae. J. Bacteriol. 173 (17):5275.
Sillero et al. (1991) Synthesis of dinucleoside polyphosphates catalyzed by firefly luciferase. Eur. J. Biochem. 202 (2):507.
Avila et al. (1991) A paradoxical increase of a metabolite upon increased expression of its catabolic enzyme - the case of diadenosine tetraphosphate (AP4A) and AP4A phosphorylase-I in Saccharomyces-cerevisiae. J. Bacteriol. 173 (24):7875.
Barnes et al. (1984) Measurement of AP4A and AP4G during the cell-cycle of Physarumpolycephalum. H-S Z. Physiol. Chem. 365 (6):608.
Bochner et al. (1984) AppppA and related adenylylated nucleotides are synthesized as a consequence of oxidation stress. Cell 37 (1):225.
Garrison et al. (1984) Assay of adenosine 5'-P1-tetraphospho-P4-5'''-adenosine and adenosine 5'-P1-tetraphospho-P4-5'''-guanosine in Physarum-polycephalum and other eukaryotes - an isocratic high-pressure liquid-chromatography method. Biochem. J. 217 (3):805.