lyophilised real-time PCR Master Mix for dual labeled probes
For in vitro use only!
Shipping: shipped at ambient temperature
Storage Conditions: store at ambient temperature
Store in an aluminium-coated bag or on a dry place.
Lyophilisates may hydrate at humidity levels >70 % when sealing is opened.
Shelf Life: 12 months
qPCR ProbesMaster Lyophilisate is designed for quantitative real-time analysis of DNA samples using DNA probe based detection. The lyophilisate is recommended for use with Dual Labeled Fluorescent Probes, e.g. TaqMan®, Molecular Beacons or FRET probes. It provides an easy-to-handle and powerful tool for quantification of sample DNA in a broad dynamic range of up to 6 orders of magnitude with exceptional sensitivity and precision.
The lyophilisate contains all reagents required for qPCR (except template, primer and labeled fluorescent probe) in a single bead. The high specificity and sensitivity of the mix based on an optimized hot-start polymerase. Its activity is blocked at ambient temperature and switched on automatically at the onset of the initial denaturation. The thermal activation prevents the extension of nonspecifically annealed primers and primer-dimer formation at low temperatures during PCR setup.
qPCR ProbesMaster Lyophilisate
antibody-blocked hot start polymerase, dATP, dCTP, dGTP, dTTP, KCl, (NH4)2SO4, MgCl2, additives and stabilizers
qPCR Master Lyophilisate is delivered in PCR reaction tube strips or 96-well plates preloaded with a complete qPCR master mix in a dry, room temperature stable format. The lyophilisate combines highest performance with convenience of use and stability. There is no need for freezing, thawing or pipetting on ice. The few remaining pipetting steps minimize the risk of errors or contaminations.
Each vial contains all components (except primers, Dual Labeled Probes and template) required for a 20 μl real-time PCR assay.
To perform PCR, only fill up the vials with a primer/probe premix and add DNA template.
The lyophilisate can also be used with ROX reference dye in PCR instruments that are compatible with the evaluation of the ROX signal. In this case, the ROX dye (#PCR-351) should be added as 1x concentration to the PCR reaction.
Dual-labeled DNA probes:
Real-time PCR technology based on dual-labeled DNA probes provides a high sensitive and high specific PCR system with multiplexing capability. It requires two standard PCR primers and the DNA probe that hybridizes to an internal part of the amplicon. The sequence of the dual-labeled DNA probe should avoid secondary structure and primer-dimer formation.
Preparation of the primer/probe mix
The preparation of a primer/probe premix is recommended in quantitative PCR reactions to reduce pipetting errors. Pipet with sterile filter tips and minimize the exposure of the labeled DNA probe to light. Perform the setup in an area separate from DNA preparation or analysis. No-template controls (NTC) should be included in all amplifications.
Recommended PCR assay:
|Comp.||stock conc.||final conc.||Volume for 1x 20 μl mix|
|forward Primer1)||10 μM||300 nM||0.6 μl|
|reverse Primer1)||10 μM||300 nM||0.6 μl|
|10 μM||200 nM||0.4 μl|
|PCR-grade water||Fill up to 15 μl|
Dispensing the master mix
Vortex the primer/probe mix thoroughly to assure homogeneity. Dispense 15 μl to each PCR tube or well of the plate.
Addition of template DNA
Add 5 μl of template DNA (or no-template controls) to each reaction vessel and cap or seal the tube / plate. Do not exceed 10 ng DNA per reaction as final concentration. Tubes or plates should be centrifuged before cycling to remove possible bubbles.
Recommended cycling conditions:
denaturation and polymerase activation
|95 °C||2 min||1x|
|Denaturation||95 °C||15 sec||40-50x|
|Annealing and Elongation||60-65 °C3)||1 min4)||40-50x|
For optimal specificity and amplification an individual optimization of the recommended parameters, especially of the annealing temperature may be necessary for each new combination of template, primer pair and DNA probe.