Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Antigen
recombinant, E. coli
For in vitro use only!
Shipping: shipped on blue ice
Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
avoid freeze/thaw cycles
Shelf Life: 12 months
Molecular Weight: 21 kDa
Purity: > 90 % (SDS-PAGE, HPLC)
Form: lyophilized (with no additives)
Solubility: It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized HIV-1 TAT in bidest H2O not less than 100 μg/ml, which can then be further diluted to other aqueous solutions. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA).
HIV-1 TAT Recombinant- produced in E.coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 100 amino acids encoded by two exons and having a molecular mass of 21 kDa. Recombinant HIV-1 TAT is purified by proprietary chromatographic technique.
Background: HIV belongs to the retrovirus family, distinguished by possession of a viral reverse transcriptase that transcribes viral RNA into DNA which is integrated into the host-cell genome. HIV-1 regulatory Trans-Acting Transcription factor (TAT) plays an essential role in viral replication and infectivity. In addition, during acute infection, TAT is released extracellularly by infected cells and is taken up by neighboring cells where it transactivates viral replication and increases virus infectivity.HIV-1 Tat activates transcription of HIV-1 viral genes by inducing phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain(CTD) of RNA polymerase II.Tat can also disturb cellular metabolism by inhibiting proliferation of antigen-specific T lymphocytes and by inducing cellular apoptosis.
Reacts with anti-Tat polyclonal antibodies from human, monkey, rabbit and mouse serum. Recognized by anti-Tat (HIV-1) polyclonal antibody.
Specificity: Immuno reactive with all sera of HIV-I infected individuals.
Flora et al. (2005) Proinflammatory synergism of ethanol and HIV-1 Tat protein in brain tissue. Exp. Neurol. 191:2.
Partidos et al. (2004) A synthetic HIV-1 Tat protein breaches the skin barrier and elicits Tat-neutralizing antibodies and cellular immunity. Eur. J. Immunol. 34:3723.
Gavioli et al. (2004) HIV-1 tat protein modulates the generation of cytotoxic T cell epitopes by modifying proteasome composition and enzymatic activity. J. Immunol. 173:3838.
Campbell et al. (2004) The glutamine-rich region of the HIV-1 Tat protein is involved in T-cell apoptosis. J. Biol. Chem. 279:48197.
Opi et al. (2004) Full-length HIV-1 Tat protein necessary for a vaccine. Vaccine. 22:3105.
Caputo et al. (2004) Novel biocompatible anionic polymeric microspheres for the delivery of the HIV-1 Tat protein for vaccine application. Vaccine. 22:2910.
Devito et al. (2004) Intranasal HIV-1-gp160-DNA/gp41 peptide prime-boost immunization regimen in mice results in long-term HIV-1 neutralizing humoral mucosal and systemic immunity. J. Immunol. 173:7078.
Hovanessian et al. (2004) The caveolin-1 binding domain of HIV-1 glycoprotein gp41 is an efficient B cell epitope vaccine candidate against virus infection. Immunity. 21:617.
Marin et al. (2004) Antigenic activity of three chimeric synthetic peptides of the transmembrane (gp41) and the envelope (gp120) glycoproteins of HIV-1 virus. Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol. 34:227.
Zhang et al. (2004) Induction of mucosal and systemic neutralizing antibodies against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by oral immunization with bovine Papillomavirus-HIV-1 gp41 chimeric virus-like particles. J. Virol. 78:8342.
Gallo et al. (2004) Temperature-dependent intermediates in HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein-mediated fusion revealed by inhibitors that target N- and C-terminal helical regions of HIV-1 gp41. Biochemistry 43:8230.
Doetsch et al. (2011) The RNA annealing mechanism of the HIV-1 Tat peptide: conversion of the RNA into an annealing-competent conformation. Nucleic Acids Research 39 (10):4405.