anti-Crustacean Cardioactive Peptide
For in vitro use only!
Shipping: shipped on blue ice
Storage Conditions: store at -20 °C
avoid freeze/thaw cycles
Shelf Life: 12 months
Molecular Weight: 956.13 g/mol
Purity: > 97 % (HPLC)
Form: liquid (Supplied in 10 mM sodium phosphate pH 7.4 and 50% glycerol)
The crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) is a potent cardioexcitatory substance, originally identified in the pericardial organs of the shore crab, Carcinus means. It also modulates the neuronal activity in other arthropods.
A CCAP-related new peptide family, the molluscan CCAP (M-CCAP) has been isolated and characterized from the snail Helix pomatia (Muneoka et al. 1994). Structural differences between the crustacean CCAP and the molluscan peptides are restricted only to the amidatedend of the molecules.
The anti-CCAP antiserum, generated against CCAP coupled to glutaraldehyde/polylysine (1:4), was tested for cross-reactivity using ELISA. No coss-reactivity was observed against 10 μg/ml of glutaraldehyde/polylysine conjugates of perisulfakinin, locustatachykinin II, FMRFamide, proctolin, adipokinetic hormone I, leucomyosuppressin, corazonin and the allatostatines, Dip-AST 2, Dip-AST 7, and Dip-AST 8.
Protocol for Crustacean Cardioactive Peptide (CCAP) detection by immunocytochemistry in invertebrate nervous system
Insects were cooled for 15 minutes and dissections were carried out in insect saline or in solution A. Ganglia or brain were exposed by opening and pinning out the dorsal cuticle, mounted dorsal-and in same cases ventral-side up on a wax coated glas disk.
Cover up the insect brain or ganglia 30 min to 120 min with one of the Solutions B.
Immunocytochemistry was carried out on free-floating Vibratom sections by means of the indirect immunofluorescence immunocytochemistry. Brains or ganglia were wrapped in 5% agar and cut at 20-50 μm with a Vibratome
· in Solution C (for the fixation with solution B1)
· in Solution D (for the fixation with solution B2) at 4°C.
(optional and only for fixation with solution B1)
Vibratom sections are incubated during 10 min in the Solution C containing sodium borohydrite (0,1M) by stirring. Then, the tissue pieces are washed 5 times (15 min each) with Solution C by stirring. Sections are incubated during 12 hours at 4°C in Solution C + 30% sucrose.
Sections are washed 3 times (15 min each) in Solution C (for the fixation with Solution B1) and in Solution D (for the fixation with Solution B2) at room temperature.
Application of antibody
The final dilution of the polyclonal anti-CCAP is 1:1000 in Solution C or D (depending on the fixation, see above) + 0.25 % Triton X100 + 1% goat serum + 3% milk powder (without fat) + 0,25 % BSA.
A dozen of sections can be incubated with 2ml of diluted antibody solution overnight or 48 h at 4°C by stirring. Then sections are washed 3 times 30 minutes with Solution D for both fixations by stirring.
Sections are incubated with 1:600 dilution of Carbocyanin 3(Cy-3)-goat anti-rabbit complex (Jackson ImmunoResearch Laboratories, Inc.) in Solution D + 0.25 % Triton X100 + 3% milk powder (without fat) + 0,25 % BSA for 3 hours at 20°C by stirring.
SOLUTIONS TO BE PREPARED
cacodylate 0.1 M, sodium metabisulfite 10g/l, pH 6.2*
(Boer-fixation) 15 ml aqueous sturated picric acid, 5 ml glutaraldehyde (25%), 0.1 ml glacial acetic acid
4% paraformaldehyde in Millonigs-phospate buffer (pH 7.3-7.4, 1g NaCl, 2.9 g Na2HPO4*2H2O, 0,524 g NaH2PO4*H2O and 8 g paraform-aldehyde were filled up to 200 ml with ddH2O)
Tris 0.05 M (Tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane), sodium metabisulfite 8.5 g/l, pH 7.5*
Tris 0.05 M, NaCl 8,5 g/l, pH 7.5*
* Adjust pH with NaOH or HCl if necessary
Tris solution can be replaced by a 0.01M phosphate solution.
Loesel et al. (2011) Neuroarchitecture of the arcuate body in the brain of the spider Cupiennius salei (Araneae, Chelicerata) revealed by allatostatin-, proctolin-, and CCAP-immunocytochemistry and its evolutionary implications. Arthropod Struct Dev. 40:210.
Fort et al. (2007) Regulation of the Crab Heartbeat by Crustacean Cardioactive Peptide (CCAP):Central and Peripheral Actions.J. Neurophysiol. 97:3407.
Vehovszky et al. (2005) Crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP)-related molluscan peptides (M-CCAPs) are potential extrinsic modulators of the buccal feeding network in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis.Neurosci.Lett. 373:200.
Kirschnik et al. (2002) The influence of microgravity on the morphology of identified cerebral neurons in a cricket (Acheta domesticus). J Gravit Physiol. 9:27.
Donini et al. (2001) Crustacean cardioactive peptide is a modulator of oviduct contractions in Locusta migratoria. J Insect Physiol. 47:277.
Hernadi et al. (2000) The presence and specificity of crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP)-immunoreactivity in gastropod neurons. Acta Biol Hung. 51:147.
Utting et al. (2000) Central complex in the brain of crayfish and its possible homology with that of insects. J Comp Neurol. 416:245.